The Supreme Court of the Union is located in Nay Pyi Taw, the new capital of Myanmar. It consisted of the Chief Justice of the Union and six Justices of the Supreme Court of the Union up to 27.11.2016. It currently consists of the Chief Justice of the Union and five Justices of the Supreme Court of the Union.
The Supreme Court of the Union is the final Court of appeal. It has both original and appellate jurisdiction in both civil and criminal cases. Moreover, it has the revisionary jurisdiction against the judgment or order passed by a Court in accordance with law and in confirming the death sentence. Furthermore, it exercises the power of issuing five kinds of writs without affecting the power of other Courts to issue orders that have the nature of writs in accordance with law. At the Supreme Court of the Union, cases may be adjudicated by a bench of one Justice or more than one Justice or by the Full Bench.
Being the ultimate authority of the entire Court system, the Supreme Court of the Union has the responsibility to administer and supervise all Subordinate Courts in the Union. It also has the right of submitting bills relating to the Judiciary to the Legislative, called Pyidaungsu Hluttaw in accordance with the stipulated rules and regulations.