Courts of Appeal
General Courts of Appeal
Courts of Appeal consist of the Court of Appeal and nine Regional Courts of Appeal. The Courts of Appeal handles an appeal against a judgment or order of Civil Courts and Criminal Courts. Meanwhile the Regional Courts of Appeal handle an appeal against a judgment or order of the other Courts of First Instance located within their regions. According to the 2007 Constitution, Section 219 paragraph three prescribes that the Court of Appeal has power to try and adjudicate cases relevant to the election and revocation of the election rights in the election of local councils and local administrators. The jurisdictions of the Regional Courts of Appeal are consistent with the jurisdictions of the Courts of First Instance of Regions I – IX. Each Court of Appeal is headed by the President of the Court assisted by Vice-Presidents of the Court. At least three Justices form a quorum. Each Court of Appeal has a Research Justice Division consisting of research judges. The primary function of the Division is to assist justices of the Courts of Appeal by examining all relevant factual and legal issues of the cases, conducting legal researches and discussing with those justices to ensure uniformity and fair results.
Court of Appeal for Specialized Cases
In order to harmoniously organize the appeal and dika appeal system nationwide, the Establishment of the Court of Appeal for Specialized Cases Act B.E. 2558 (2015) was enacted to facilitate judges with various expertise in adjudicating specialized cases with expediency and uniformity and conform to the new appeal and dika appeal for ordinary civil cases already amended by laws. The Court is empowered to try and adjudicate cases appealed for specialized courts as follows:
- Intellectual Property and International Trade Court
- Tax Court
- Labour Court
- Bankruptcy Court
- Juvenile and Family Court
The Court of Appeal for Specialized Cases is divided into 5 divisions: Intellectual Property and International Trade Case Division, Tax Cases division, Labour Case Division, Bankruptcy Case Division, Juvenile and Family Case division. The Court was inaugurated on October 1, 2559 (2016).